Depending on their age, children can also have specific or more common diseases of the skin, nails or hair.
The most frequent of these are
- Palmar or plantar warts
- molluscum contagiosum (mostly on the upper body)
- lice (through contact at schools and daycare centers)
- diaper rash
- the typical infectious pediatric diseases (scarlet fever, measles, chicken pox, rubella)
appear in infancy or during the first few months of life and should be treated immediately. A few seconds of cryotherapy (freezing) yields the highest treatment success; depending on the size of the area affected, the treatment may need to be repeated several times.
are caused by a virus. These warts have to be removed because otherwise they will spread. Treatment involves the use of special tweezers.
on the palms and soles are also caused by viruses and can be treated with different local therapies such as cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen.
among children usually involves intense itching and full-blown eczema. These conditions definitely require treatment to ease the child's discomfort and prevent the state of their skin from worsening.
Birthmarks / moles (nevi)
can occur anywhere on the body, in children and adults alike. Dermatoscopic screening of such spots should be done at regular intervals on the child's entire body. Digital photo documentation can also be used as part of this screening method.